There are a variety of acids used in gummies that come with different purposes and taste profiles. In this article, we will be digging into each ones function and use levels.
The two primary acids used in gummies are citric acid and malic acid.
Which is better citric acid or malic acid?
When it comes to food, it is difficult to say what is necessarily better tasting but it's more important to understand the reasons for the different acids.
A good question to ask is what is the difference between the two? Malic acid is derived from unripened apples. The name malic comes from the latin word for apple, malum. However, the acid can be found in a multitude of fruits such as, watermelon, grape, cherries and even in a few vegetables like broccoli and carrots.
Citric acid on the other hand is derived from lemons and limes that can be as concentrated as 8% in these fruits and why they can be extremely tart tasting. Other fruits that it can be found present in are oranges, grapefruits, and citrons.
What are the functions of malic and citric acid?
Both of these acids are used as flavoring agents in drinks, jams, gummies, candies, frozen foods, canned vegetables and meats to add a tart flavoring as well as a preservative.
What are some similarities between citric and malic acid?
Both malic acid and citric acid are organic acid compounds. They can be categorized as carboxylic acids because they have carboxylic groups (-COOH groups). Both these acids are responsible for the sour taste in certain fruits. Therefore, these compounds are useful as food additives as well
Is malic or citric acid more acidic?
Malic acid has a higher relative sourness than citric acid, even though its pH is higher. This is because malic acid has a more prolonged sour sensation in the mouth than citric acid.
Common Citric Acid Uses
Citric acid has many uses in food. It serves as a flavor enhancer, a pH regulator, and as a preservative.
Citric acid and its salts also help prevent crystallization in honey, are used in clarifying fruit juices and to stabilize spices. Citric acid is most often used in beverages. In fact, about 65 percent of citric acid consumed is used in drinks. You’ll commonly find it in carbonated drinks. It’s also common in wine coolers, cocktail mixers and iced tea. You’ll also find it in candy, dried fruit, canned fruit, jams and jellies and gelatin.
Common Malic Acid Uses
Malic acid is primarily used in fruit-flavored drinks. It stabilizes their color and also enhances flavor. For example, it’s commonly found in low-calorie drinks, where it masks the off-flavor of artificial sweeteners. You’ll also find it in cider and apple-flavored drinks, candy, gum, fruit butters and jams and jellies.